According to oxford dictionary the definition of festival is “A series of different types of performances which includes film show, music, dance, fair etc. And it also occurs in the same place and the same day in once a year”.
Festival is that things which is the aspect of a country. It’s standing for people amusements and the historical background of a country. Festival is organized by people or group or organization.
Different kinds of festivals are found in a country such as cultural festival, local festival, national festival, ritual festival etc. cultural festival is very important festival. It represents the culture and heritage of one country. Now questions can arise that what is cultural festival, how people celebrate it, and so on. For giving the answers of these questions I have decided to choose two different countries’s and find out the cultural festival of these countries and also try to make a compare and contrast of these two festival to show the differences and similarities.
Countries that I choose:
For making contrasts and compares of two different festivals I have choose two different countries for this purpose. The countries are Oman and Italy.
Oman is an Asian country. It’s situated in the middle of Asia. It has many cultural contents which make Oman rich and for a huge affluent of cultural contents Oman is also known as the culture capital of the Arabian world..
Italy is a European country. It’s located in south-central of Europe.
Italy have many cultural ingredients which make Italy exceptional then others country.
Festivals that I choose:
In Oman the most regular, popular and significant festival is “MUSCAT FESTIVAL”.
This festival is one of the traditional festivals in Oman. The residences of Muscat eagerly wait for this day in every year. Through this festival people celebrate their cultural heritage.
In Italy the most anticipate, common and popular festival is Venice festival. It’s called in Italy (Carnevale di Venzia).
It’s an ancient festival of Italy. People all over the Italy wait for this festival very enthusiastically actually not only just Italian people but also the European people wait for this stunning festival.
The origin of this festival is very significance. It starts in 1998 since then its going on very proudly. This festival established to get back the cultural heritage of Oman’s people.
The Venice Festival is the most internationally known festival celebrated in Venice, Italy, as well as being one of the oldest. It begins in the 15th century. During the 1970s, the Italian government decided to bring back the history and culture of Venice, and sought to use the traditional Carnival as the centerpiece of their efforts.
Both were established to bring back the cultural legacy of their country.
Venice festival is more ancient than Muscat festival.
Duration of these festivals:
Muscat festival: It’s held in January of every year and continuing for a month.
Venice festival: it’s held in February of every year and continuing for few days (10 or 14).
Oman’s people celebrate their festival very stunningly. On these days’ different types of performances held in Muscat. The list of performances is categorized into Cultural Events, Desert Panorama, Family Village Events, Skill Shows and Events for Women.
By performing on music’s and dances many local and international artists increase the enchantment of this festival. Local artists usually sing their folk songs and perform traditional dances.
For adults people different types of programs are held by famous Omani and Arab intellectual. Like discussion and debate on earthly and environmental topics. There are also different artistic, educational workshop, parades, seminars, poetry readings, literary gatherings and exhibition.
This festival is very welcome by children. Because of this festival they find enormous happiness. This is the huge opportunity for them to enjoy and fulfill their wishes. Through this festival they can attend concert, game show, theatres and so on.
In Venice festival people wear mask to disguise themselves. as wearing masks hid any form of identity between social classes. By wearing mask people attend everywhere.
Venice festival presents many events such as music, ballet, fireworks night, mardi gras, theatre and circus street entertainments all around the city.
This is a festival for spending money. On this festival people spend a huge amount of money lavishly on the purpose of gambling and other worldly pleasure. For gambling many gamble boots are set up all over the streets.
For represent exotic animals and bird many dens, boots are set up. In addition to jugglers and ropewalkers performing on the streets; wine shops, restaurants, cafes and even brothels.
For making this festival more attractive many contests are held for the participants and spectators along the way. Some of these include the Best Mask Contest for children and Music Concert Contests for local bands.
Both of these festivals represent the cultural view of their own country.
Both of these festivals have the same entertaining sources such as concerts, theatres, game shows etc.
In Venice festival people have a great chance to spend money lavishly but in Muscat festival people spend money but not as like as Italian people.
The main attraction of Venice festival is to wear mask people wear their traditional mask for this festival but Muscat festival doesn’t contain this type of thing.
In Muscat festival there is a village which represent the cultural heritage of Muscat but Venice festival don’t include this type of thing.
The main attraction of these festivals:
Venice festival (Venitian mask):
Masks have always been a central feature of the Venetian festival. The masks are created by specially appointed craftsmen called the Mask Makers. Wearing mask people come out down road for celebrating this festival.
Muscat festival (Indigenous village):
A massive heritage village is set up to showcase Oman’s rich traditions and heritage, and light is shed on Muscat’s history and its various arts and crafts. This village is known as Indigenous village. This village locates in the Qurum National Park.
Significance of this festival:
This festival has noble purpose and that is no difference between rich and poor. This discrimination is lapped by wearing musk.
This festival also gives an opportunity to let go of everything and simply enjoy life like it was meant to be.
But among all the joyfulness of the masks, there sometimes appears a black mask of Death – reminding people at the carnival that nothing lasts forever.
This festival stands for people recreation and entertainment.
This festival exposes the heritage and culture of Oman. And by this the new generations are able to take the savour of their country’s ancient culture and heritage.
Both of these are stand for entertaining people.
Both of these festivals are stand for noble reason.
Venice festival gives a great effort to remove social differences on the other hand Muscat festival emphasis on exposing their culture.
On Venice festival people wear mask but Muscat festival people don’t have to do this.
Recently celebrated festivals:
Muscat festival of 2007 was started on 1st January and goes on 2nd February. The theme of the festival was ‘Living Culture and Family Fun’. Every year this festival has its own theme.
Figure 1: The logo of Muscat festival
Figure 2: Festival picture of children games
On this day different types of performances like Arab music performance, Indian music performance were held. For children and adult there were children and adult theatre. In whole the festival was the for that time.
Venice:Venice Carnival of 2007 was begun on 9th February and end on 20th and it was a successful festival. There were concerts, dances, games and so on. People had a great entertainment and fun.
Figure1: people wearing with